The Clans of Yuludara
According to the ancient Legend of Gympie, there were originally ten regional clans of native peoples occupying the coastal lands, regional highlands, lowlands and seashores of Dha'mu'ri east of Gympie between 1851-1885 in an area now referred to as the Cooloola National Park, Tin Can Bay region and Noosa River lake system. These coastal peoples also spoke dialect variations of the Kgabi: Kabi language similar to that of the Kgippandingi Clans in the Mary River Valley.
These coastal wetlands and range-forest areas extended from east of Gympie City to Fraser's Island, Tin Can Bay, Rainbow Beach, Double Island Point, Noosa and inland to the coastal ranges at the source of both the Noosa and Mary Rivers and their tributaries. To the north of these coastal lands lay the traditional territories of the Bat'ja: Batjala peoples from Maryborough and Frasers Island who had a different language dialect and versions of cultural belief.
To the south of the Kabi were the Yugum'bir and Yugara'bul clans. The cultures of these neighbouring clans differed greatly to the Ka'bi of the Cooloola-Fraser region. The history of these clans is also rare - compounded by the fact that little was ever recorded of them and they, like the Mary River Valley clans who were thus by default, supposition and theory, recorded as having the same similar feature characteristics to those found in and around the other early European pioneering settlement regions of Southern Queensland when such claims were not so.
It is now a reasonably established fact from modern-day research that some of these historians could not have or never had been in the traditional coastal Kabi lands - their travels taking them into the fringe range areas of the southern coast and around the early port of Maryborough and the Batja peoples. The Noosa-Tewantin-Nambour region came later part of Kabi territories.
It is also known from modern research into localised pioneering records that these ten coastal clans (not tribes) were also different even though they maintained individual family groups who also had ten different totemic clan names and different territories one could not enter without permission. They enjoyed the same basic clan customs, rituals and so on. What puts them into a different class of characteristic is that the coastal peoples were more of a gentle, fun-loving people intent on body decoration appearance, arts of fishing, clay pottery, canoe constructions and drum making whereas the inland Ka'bi clans displayed more territorial protectionisms, warlike attitudes, and deep spiritual ritual customs.
An extract from one early 19th Century report on the coastal Kabi clans states:
Another 19th Century report describes the Negrito clans in
the coastal hinterland regions of
Further still, another early 19th Century report states that
the clans of the Double Island Point region were the strangest of all seemingly so
apart from all others that no explanation could be accurately given for their of
gold body adornments; the smoking of strange substances to connect with the
spirit world; and questions as to origins anomalies yet to be fully identified.
Taking all of these report characteristics and apparent anomalies
into consideration, it is still evident that what joined them together as one was a common
notable feature the fact that they spoke the same ancient language
Kgawbpidhali: Kgaw'bi: Ka'bi (depending on the European pronunciation). It
should be noted that, as with the inland clans, a claimed name of Gubbi
is foreign. Recent research into local terminologies revealed the term as an expletive
used to describe an opponent or foreigner.
From other local records, clans north of Noosa were apparently
extinct or near extinct by c.1885 the timber cutters, native police and landholders
being responsible. Those that survived would have been the elderly incapable of childbirth
possibly taken into Maryborough, Noosa-Tewantin-Nambour or Cherbourg to spend the
rest of their lives as servants, town workers or station hands. The Batja on Frasers
Island were taken into Maryborough some appear to or were taken to Government
missions in the north or to Cherbourg there is no accurate measure to identify such
possibilities only claims. There are no records of any genuine modern
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